The European Alliance on Agricultural knowledge for Development

Recordings of the sessions on Agriculture @ the European Development Days

7-8 June 2017. Brussels. Organised by the European Commission, the European Development Days (EDD) brought the development community together to share ideas and experiences in ways that inspire new partnerships and innovative solutions to the world’s most pressing challenges.
Following sessions and stands were related to agriculture:


7 June 2017:

Organised by: CBA, TBT, CTA
This lab presented intra-ACP initiatives aimed at spurring investment opportunities to support trade expansion and sustainable development.  Regimes for intra-regional investment flows and facilitation need to be enhanced. The session started with a video contribution of Dr. Ameenah Gurib-Fakim, President of the Republic of Mauritius.

Is Cooling Food Better for the Climate?

Organised by: UNIDO, DW, The Consumers Good Forum, Danish Technological Institute, FAO, IIF/IIR, RIOGO
This session brought together entrepreneurs and experts in food systems, refrigeration, agricultural supply chains, and climate change to discuss food loss and how refrigeration could mitigate it. Participants discussed the role that refrigeration and the cold chain have in reducing this loss, the downsides of increasing energy consumption and emissions through additional cooling and transport, and the barriers that exist to extend cold chains in countries. Possible solutions and existing technologies and ideas were presented, such as off-grid refrigeration, where investments should be made and policy changes to facilitate such technologies.

Resources:
Organised by: CIRAD, EC, UNDP
The territorial approach aims to bring together different regions and local communities to enhance the potential for development. The challenge is to connect the work of the national government to the local level to ensure inclusive development. The territorial approach is only part of a solution that focuses on a bottom-up approach and increasingly on decentralisation. Involving small and medium-sized enterprises in the implementation of the SDGs and the political process guiding it are of outmost importance.

Organised by: AFDB, AAIN, PAFO, CTA, CEMA, ACP
An earlier conference on boosting youth employment in Africa revealed that around 80 % of people in the continent work in agriculture, hence the need for investment in the sector. The majority of farmers are small holders and so the focus needs to be particularly on access to finance and skill enhancement. Most vocational programmes are not very effective because they assume people have at least primary education, which is not always the case. On-the-job training needs greater focus in these vocational programmes.


Thato Mojaboswa Stimela
mAgri/Botswana
Managing Director
Brastorne Enterprises

In Botswana, an entrepreneur with information technology skills has created an application (mAgri) that farmers can access through their mobile phones. Since the Internet is currently too expensive for most people, the application uses Short Message Service (SMS) and Unstructured Supplementary Service Data (USSD) technology. Users pay a small fee, and state their name, location and type of crop they are producing and then receive local advice about weather and soil conditions.

The entrepreneur has increased the number of users from 2,000 to 250,000, with about 500 new ones signing up each day. A major factor in this success is that his application has a social element, allowing users to “chat” with each other, and access Wikipedia and their emails. The target is 500,000 users and to add more services, including insurance, crop protection and weather updates, to make the application available on the internet as data processing costs decline, and to expand the service to other countries.

AgriHack Talent is a programme of the Technical Centre for Agricultural and Rural Cooperation (CTA). It supports ICT innovations and entrepreneurship in Agriculture led by young entrepreneurs. Pitch AgriHack is an e-agriculture start-up competition, a component of the program. The pilot edition of Pitch AgriHack was held in 2016 in collaboration with the African Development Bank; its final was in Kenya.

How to create decent jobs in the global supply chains?
Organised by: EC, ILO, UNIDO, ACP
DG DEVCO shared its experience in promoting decent work in global value chains, particularly in the garment sector. A dialogue unfolded involving the African, Caribbean and Pacific Secretariat and the participants.


How to make agriculture attractive for youth?
Organised by: ColeACP, YPARD, Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech, Global Vert, ACP Young Professionals Network

From production to consumption, developing sustainable and inclusive agri-food value chains will be possible if young people are involved, if their perception of agriculture can change. Concretely, what does it mean for the different stakeholders involved in developing an inclusive and sustainable agriculture? This brainstorming session, driven by young and innovative people, supplied new and concrete ideas that can be forwarded to decision makers.

Innovative agriculture for next generation farms
Organised by: OCP, EU-Africa Business Forum
Participants heard about two examples of how high technology can be used to boost the productivity of African agriculture. The Nigerian company Zenvus has developed technology that allows farmers to monitor their crops and land more efficiently, registering the state of the soil or the threat from pests, telling them when to irrigate or when to use fertiliser. The technology can make it easier for farmers to raise credit with banks, something that can be difficult because credit institutions have an independent means of verifying the information that farmers provide.


The Geneva-based International Trade Centre, a joint venture of the United Nations and the World Trade Organization, presented its soon-to-be launched Sustainability Network, through which users can share their business and sustainability profiles with buyers, traders, standards organizations, certification bodies, financiers and others.

Panellists agreed that decisions on technological change must always involve local communities and cannot be imposed from outside. Technology must always work to the benefit of the farmer. The solutions to Africa’s development issues will not be decided in Paris, London, Washington or Geneva: They can only be taken in Africa by Africans.

Young people are attracted by technology and technological innovation could be a means to draw young people to agriculture, or to keep them from leaving the farm, which would help ease Africa’s unemployment problem.

The central role of water for inclusive and sustainable growth and the creation of decent jobs
Organised by: UNESCO, World Water Assessment Programme, EC
The potential employment effects of investment in water are considerable. Water treatment plants, for example, directly employ engineers, administrative staff, security guards and indirectly, many more. Crucially are the induced and growth-related jobs in the wider economy that are made possible by investment in water. In Kinshasa, small water systems operated by local communities have created 400 local sustainable jobs.

In Africa, it is estimated that women and girls spend the equivalent of one year’s worth of work by France’s entire workforce on collecting water every year. However, in the current programming cycle and following the end of the EU’s Water Facility, fewer than 10 countries in Africa have designated water as a focal sector, which reduces opportunities for obtaining funds for blending under the African Investment Facility.

Business switch to green with innovative support services
Organised by: UNEP, UNIDO, SwithAfrica, Regional Activity Centre for Sustainable Consumption and Production
The session addressed the transition to an inclusive green economy as a new model of development, that can be based on the circular economy paradigm. It builds on the experience of the SWITCH programmes in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean region, in developing partnerships with the private sector to shift SME’s behaviour and practice, towards Sustainable Production and Consumption patterns. The lab generated a debate on private sector collaboration approaches – ranging from enabling eco-entrepreneurship to providing MSMEs with technical assistance on SCP and to enhancing sustainable value chains – and how these can become more effective in the context of the inclusive green economy transition.


Prof De Decker, KULeuven

Sustainable soil management: the foundation for Africa’s future?
Organised by: EC, KULeuven, WAC, FAO,
Soil is at the heart of agriculture. Africa’s fertile soils are under threat, especially due to climate change and poor land management. Nutrient and soil organic matter depletion, together with soil erosion, worsen the effect of climate change and decrease the resilience of the land. The answer lies in the large-scale adoption, both at policy and practical levels, of guidelines for sustainable soil management, including integrated soil fertility management, in conjunction with climate-safe agriculture, for example, intercropping and agroforestry. The session assessed systematic challenges and obstacles for ensuring food security and rural development, and providing increased resilience to climate change.



8 June 2017:

There is no sustainable development without shared science
Organised by: CIRAD
According to SDG 17, a successful sustainable development agenda requires inclusive, multi-stakeholder partnerships. In the agricultural sector, structured knowledge platforms gathering political players, the private sector, civil society and research actors exist. Co-ownership, co-decision on the societal challenges to tackle, shared values and visions, and jointly committed resources are key characteristics. They cover a wide range of expertise, approaches and backgrounds and the impact of their activities stretches from the local to the national and regional scale. During the brainstorming session, participants reflected on the expansion potential and sustainability of global knowledge partnerships for sustainable development in agriculture.

Soils and agriculture in the face of climate change: Challenges of the 4P1000 initiative
Organised by: IRD (Mathieu Savadogo was excused (Director Association for research and training in agroecology)
4P1000 has two objectives: improving carbon sequestration in soil will enrich the soil and improve agriculture; storing carbon produced by industrial emissions will reduce the level of carbon in the atmosphere and potentially slow climate change. The programme is run by a partnership of government and non-state actors and is based on a research and scientific programme of 11 countries.

A related African initiative to improve soil yields and support local farmers is bearing fruit in Burkina Faso. The Association for Training and Research in Agro-Ecology is working with farmers, local NGOs and agricultural researchers to develop agro-ecological farming practices that restore the soil’s fertility and increase food production. Farmers build on traditional practices to conserve water and improve the soil. In addition, they use animal and other organic compost to enrich the soil, carry out strategic tree planting, and develop short-cycle seeds.

The programme helps farmers to experiment in comparing costs and benefits in relation to other practices, as well as offering technical training sessions in agro-ecology innovation. It also has a social aspect: boosting gender and economic equity by setting up women’s savings and credit groups; encouraging dry-season vegetable gardening for consumption and sale at local markets; improving practices for raising livestock; and building agricultural capacity.


Global Climate Change Alliance plus (GCCA+): The role of CSOs supporting climate change and sustainable development agenda
Organised by EC
The systemic inclusion of CSOs in climate policy-making is a step towards inclusive risk governance, the area where climate resilience, disaster resilience, and conflict resilience overlap. This interconnectedness is especially salient at local level, where communities are faced with interlocking resilience challenges. CSOs have a crucial role to play in integrating disaster risk reduction and resilience-building in climate adaptation strategies. Local communities become even more vulnerable when they are excluded from the policy process.



Global partnerships supporting smallholder farmers
Organised by: CABI, EC, East-West Seed
Companies can provide tropical vegetable seeds, which cost about 5 % of farm costs, but can more than double or treble income. Alternatively, with the growth of smartphones and tablets, farmers can send pictures of diseased crops to remote “plant doctors”, with a 92 % success rate in diagnosis. Early warning of a particular banana pest, for example, can be transmitted to 50 million smallholder farmers at the touch of a button.


But just as donors are not just cash machines, farmers are not just guinea pigs for trial experiments. It is a dignified role – the foundation of all human life – but remote rural farmers often need education to help articulate their needs and eradicate pockets of ignorance. For example, in some developing countries, a farmer is not considered ‘a man’ unless he grows maize – even though it requires heavy rainfall and maize is often not as profitable as other crops, such as cashew nuts.
For any PPP to be successful, its entry point must be the local village and its success must start at the farm gate. That means increasing productivity and access to markets, which in turn build up income and resilience – a virtuous circle where a farmer can then afford more seeds or technology. There is no one-size-fits-all solution for PPPs – different regional fruits, vegetables, tastes and specialities – but farmer cooperatives can help smallholders when dealing with the private sector. Farmer cooperatives can also help to scale up enterprises in what will always be a largely private sector activity, whether large or small.

A Territorial Approach to Food Security and Nutrition Policy
Organised by: EC, OECD, German Cooperation
Gathering knowledge, with governments in Cambodia, Colombia, Côte d’Ivoire, Mali, Niger, Morocco, and Peru, a joint study by the FAO, the OECD, and the United Nations Capital Development Fund, has confirmed the value added that traditional approaches have when complemented with a territorial approach to address food insecurity. This approach promotes bottom-up, place-based and multisectoral development initiatives, which can break through dependency relationships and improve the enabling factors for development, capitalising on the benefits of urban-rural linkages. This session presented the findings from the joint study and outline the next steps of the project.

Organised by: EC, European Investment Bank, European Development Investment Institutions

Roberto Ridolfi
Director for Sustainable
Growth and Development
European Commission –
DG for International
Cooperation and Development

The main blockage to investment is frequently not the availability of finance but the local business environment. Since the Lisbon Treaty, the EU has been in a unique position in that it can launch a political dialogue with a partner government about issues such as the rule of law, an instrument that no development bank has at its disposal. These dialogues are a forum to address the main constraints to investment and to promote good governance. In addition to transparent regulation, private sector actors also require security and safety to operate, and hard and soft infrastructure, from transport and energy to health and education.

This is why the EU’s External Investment Plan (EIP), adopted in September 2016, operates as a three-pillar structure: the European Fund for Sustainable Development; technical assistance to develop financially attractive projects; and the promotion of a conducive investment climate. The EIP is expected to leverage €44 billion to €50 billion in investment with €3.5 billion in grants. Guarantees from the European Fund for Sustainable Development serve to reduce the risk for private investors and absorb potential losses. The EIP is currently focused on Africa and the European neighbourhood but could include other regions in the future.


Stands/boots related to agriculture:
Michael Hailu (CTA), Patrice Sewade (Sojagnon),
Dr Kanayo F. Nwanze (former IFAD president),
Yemi Aknibamijo (FARA ED)

Driving sustainable development through export-oriented agriculture

Stand 3: Compagnie Fruitiere
Stand 4: Global Shea Alliance
Stand 12: a.o. SwitchAfricaGreen
Stand 14: Fair Trade
Stand 16: Joint FAO/IAEA Programme
Stand 20: EC
Stand 23: EC, FAO 
Bernard Rey (DevCo) said innovation
is key for agriculture
to fulfill the development objectives,
like climate change and nutrition

Reinforcing Africa-EU research and innovation collaboration for development impact

Stand 34PAEPARD, FARA, Agrinatura, EFARD, CDAIS, Caast-net+, RINEA, Leap-Agri, FAO, PronIntensAfrica

See blogposts

Executive Director, FARA said:
Showcasing PAEPARD,
the best ship in Africa-EU research
and innovation partnerships

Delivering agricultural knowledge to empower youth and women

Stand 39: CABI
Stand 56: EC, CONCORD, etc
Stand 68: AESA, ACP
Stand 72: AECOM, ECORYS, CARDNO, DMI

Stand 73: ColeACP, YPARD, Gembloux Agro Bio-Tech, CEJA, Global Vert, ACP Young Professionals Network


Source: PAEPARD FEED

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